A cataract is a cloudy area in your eye's lens. Proteins and fibres within the lenses break down and clump together as a result of ageing and other medical conditions, clouding the lenses. Cataracts are very common as people age. You may not realise you have a cataract at first, but Cataracts cause your vision to become blurry, hazy, or less colourful over time. You may have difficulty reading or performing other daily tasks.
Cataracts can be easily removed with surgery. Cataract surgery is painless and effective in correcting vision problems caused by cataracts.
As your vision begins to deteriorate as a result of your cataract, you may find it difficult to carry out your normal daily activities. When your cataracts begin to interfere with your favourite activities – such as reading, knitting, golfing, or driving – it may be time to consult with your doctor about cataract surgery.
Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that uses the most advanced robotic technology available. The procedure is painless, with no stitches, patches, or injections required. Ultrasound is used during cataract removal surgery to break up the cloudy eye lens and remove the lens pieces. A new intraocular lens is implanted through a very small, self-sealing incision that heals quickly.
There is no bleeding because no blood vessels are cut. There will be no stitches to remove, and only local or topical anaesthesia will be used. Patients recover quickly and can resume normal activities.
There are various types of IOLs available, each meeting specific needs such as budget, cylindrical power correction, and daily lifestyle activities. Monofocal IOLs are the most fundamental type of IOL. Multifocal IOLs correct near, intermediate, and distance vision, whereas monofocal IOLs only correct distance vision and require reading glasses. The toric IOL corrects astigmatism (cylindrical powers)
Cataract surgery is typically performed on one eye at a time to allow the surgeon to evaluate the outcome of the first procedure before operating on the other eye.
Also, cataracts are removed individually as a precautionary measure, in case the eyes were to become infected or have any other rare complication. Even a slight risk of both eyes becoming infected is reason enough for doctors to recommend separate surgeries. Cataracts do not always progress at the same pace, therefore surgery may not be required at the same time.
During your cataract surgery, you have several options for intraocular lens (IOL). Monofocal IOL implants improve vision but reading glasses may still be required, as they were before cataracts developed. Multifocal or trifocal intraocular lenses IOL’s, reduce the need for glasses and, in most cases, even reading glasses.
Every year, cataract surgery improves the vision of thousands of patients. A healthy lifestyle necessitates good vision. Numerous research studies show that cataract surgery improves quality-of-life functions such as reading, working, moving around, hobbies, safety, self-confidence, independence, daytime and night time driving, community and social activities, mental health, and overall life satisfaction.
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